A Framework for Solving an Information Problem
A research assignment asks you to develop a thesis or answer a question. You must search for information on a specific topic, read and understand what is known about it, analyze that information and draw conclusions, and write about what you have learned. In creating a paper or project, you must use a format defined by your teacher, including the accepted forms of citation to indicate the sources you have used for your research. There are several accepted formats for citing sources correctly, but in the TASIS Middle School we have adopted the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style for all subjects.
Writing a research paper requires equal amounts of organization, synthesis, and original thinking. Before you begin writing, you need to consider your objective and the process you will use to reach it. Initially you will select a broad subject, then you will narrow your focus to one or two specific topics from which you will develop your main idea.
One strategy that has been developed for breaking an information problem into manageable steps is called Big6™ Skills (Eisenberg and Berkowitz, 1987). The Big6™ can also be simplified as the Super3: Plan, Do, and Review.
Consider this model as you think about the stages in your research process.
Specific Research Skill
|1. Task Definition|
2. Information Seeking Strategies
|3. Location & Access|
|4. Use of Information|