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Critical Thinking

When we understand the elements of reasoning, we realize that all subjects, all disciplines, have a fundamental logic defined by the structures of thought embedded in them. Therefore, to lay bare a subject’s most fundamental logic, we should begin with these questions: 

 

  • What is the main purpose or goal of studying this subject? What are people in this field trying to accomplish?
  • What kinds of questions do they ask? What kinds of problems do they try to solve?
  • What sorts of information or data do they gather?
  • What types of judgments do they typically make?
  • How do they go about gathering information in ways that are distinctive to this field?
  • What are the most basic ideas, concepts or theories in this field?
  • What do professionals in this field take for granted or assume?
  • How should studying this field affect my view of the world?
  • What viewpoint is fostered in this field?
  • What implications follow from studying this discipline? How are the products of this field used in everyday life?

To learn more about the elements of thought how to apply the intellectual standards, simply click on the diagram above and use your mouse to explore each concept, or visit The Critical Thinking Community website for further information.

Ofqual plagiarism guides

Ofqual – the Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Regulator – has issued advice to students, parents and teachers on citing information sources appropriately to avoid plagiarism.

Produced in association with PlagiarismAdvice.org this series of guides is aimed at those in schools who are concerned about falling foul of plagiarism within coursework and assessments.

The advice for students – Using sources: a guide for students : find it, check it, credit it – refers them to the Internet Detective and the Internet for Image Searching as key tools for evaluating information online.

The guidance embraces the realities of the Internet age, recognizing that students will use Google and Wikipedia, but encourages them to check their facts, be aware of bias and give credit where it is due.

It also refers to the Wikipedia selection for schools – a “free, hand-checked, non-commercial selection from Wikipedia, targeted around the UK National Curriculum” – a good example of how the academic world can engage with Web 2.0 sources.

While this advice is aimed at those in schools, University academics  concerned at the rise of a “cut and paste” culture will be grateful that this issue is being tackled and may reflect that this guidance would be of use to many undergraduates as well.

Subject Guides

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Choose the Best Search for Your Information Need...

... by NoodleTools

This is a listing of useful search engines broken out by needs of the searcher. Offers the best tools for basic to advanced searching, based on discipline, time period, media type and more.

Contents include:

  • I need help to define my topic
  • I need to find quality results
  • I need to do research in a specific discipline
  • The timeliness of information that I need is...
  • I need facts
  • I need opinions and perspectives
  • I need a specific type of media
  • I have special search requirements

View full resources HERE

Evaluating Websites
Evaluating websites checklist click HERE
Open Access Journals

Open Access Journals are publications free to access, read and download from the Internet. No log-in information is required to access their contents. These resources are nevertheless reliable, written by experts in their fields. 

Art

Bibliography of the History of Art/ International Bibliography of Art: Art bibliography covering European and American visual arts from late antiquity to the present

Database of Visual Art: Database of digital installation art

English

Film Literature Index (FLI): References articles in film and television journals and magazines

Middle English Compendium: Interlocking collection oof Middle English resources, including an electronic ME dictionary, hypertext bibliography of ME texts and searchable corpus of prose and poetry

Geography

Journal of Geography and Geology: double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal free to access and download

Economic Geography: international, peer-reviewed journal, publishing cutting-edge research

History

the Journal of World History: devoted to historical analysis from a global point of view, features a range of comparative and cross-cultural scholarship. Themes examined include: large-scale population movements, economic fluctuations, cross-cultural transfers of technology, the spread of infectious diseases, the spread of religious faiths, ideas and ideals. (Access to Journal through Project Muse)

Languages

French:

Gallica Digital Library: Books, manuscripts, periodicals in the French language, maps, images, scores, music, and sound recordings related to France

Persee: Indexes French language social science and science journals published in France

Literature

Mathematics

arXiv.org: Mathematics, statistics and computer science

NetLib: Freely available software, documents, and databases of interest to the numericcal, scientific computing, and other communities

American Journal of Mathematics: the oldest and one of the most respected mathematical journals. Publishes articles of broad appeal covering the major areas of contemporary mathematics (Access to the Journal through Project Muse)

Maths on the web

University of California - Berkeley list

Bulletin of the American Mathematical Journal: aims to further the interests of mathematical research and scholarship through publication, meetings and other programs

Music

Popmatters: international magazine of cultural critiscm and analysis. Includes all things pop culture and the largest site bridging academia and popular writing, engaging interviews, in-depth essays on most cultural products

Philosophy

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: An authoritative reference work suitable for use by professionals and students in the field of philosophy, as well as by all others interested in authoritative discussions on philosophical topics

Psychology

CogPrints: A full text archive for publications in the area of cognitive science

Cyber Bullying Searchable Information Center: A collection of e-books on cyber bullying

Science

Analytical Sciences digital libraryThrough the Analytical Sciences Digital Library, you will find peer-reviewed, web-based educational resources in analytical sciences, featuring a variety of formats for techniques and applications.

StrategianStrategian is a great place to find quality information in all fields of science. Featured resources include free full-text books, patents, and reports, as well as full-text journal and magazine articles, plus a special collection of Vintage Biology with important articles and books in biology.

Biology 

Agricola (US National Agriculture Library): covers agriculture and allied disciplines

AGRIS/ CARIS: AGRIS: Agricultural sciences and technology, CARIS: Current agricultural research information system

ASTIS (Artic Science and Technology Information System): The Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database contains 81,000 records describing publications and research projects about northern Canada. ASTIS is a project of the Arctic Institute of North America at the University of Calgary

Ornithological Worldwide Literature (OWL): Birds and the science of ornithology

PrimateLit: Bibliographic access to the scientific literature on nonhuman primates for the research and educational communities

Quantitative Biology: A section of the physics preprint ArXiv (Cornell University) devoted to quantitative biology

TOXNET: A cluster of databaes on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, and related areas

Waves: Catalogue of the libraries of Fisheries and Oceans Canada

PLOS Biology: open access, peer-reviewed general Biology journal

Chemistry

Database of Zeolite structures: From the international Zeolite Association, this database provides structural information on all zeolite structure types

Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Online database covering the toxicology of potentially hazardous chemicals 

Spectral Database for Organic Compounds SDBS: SDBS is an integrated spectral database system for organic compounds, which include 6 different types of spectra under a directory of the compounds

TOXNET: A cluster of databaes on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, and related areas

Earth Sciences

GEOSCAN: Geology, Earth Sciences, publications from Geological Survey of Canada

Geoscience Data Repository: A collection of Earth Sciences Sector geoscience databases that is managed and accessed by a series of information services (GDRIS)

GreenFILE: Relationship between human beings and the environment

American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database: Includes every structure published in the American Mineralogist and the European Journal of Mineralogy

Database of Zeolite Structures: From the international Zeolite Association, this database provides structural information on all zeolite structure types

Molecular Biology and Biochemistry

Quantitative Biology: A section of the physics preprint ArXiv (Cornell University) devoted to quantitative biology

TOXNET: A cluster of databaes on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, and related areas

Physical Geography

GEOSCAN: Geology, Earth Sciences, publications from Geological Survey of Canada

Geodok: Covers all aspects of Geogpraphy in English, French annd German

AGRIS/ CARIS: AGRIS: Agricultural sciences and technology, CARIS: Current agricultural research information system

ASTIS: The Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database contains 81,000 records describing publications and research projects about northern Canada. ASTIS is a project of the Arctic Institute of North America at the University of Calgary

SPRLIB Ice and Snow: a polar and glaciological bilbiographical database: Covers the literature of all subjects relating to the Artic and Antartitc published in a wide range of languages

Population Index: Index covering demography topics

Royal Institute of British Architects library catalogue online: Includes urban design and planning topics

TRIS Online: The TRIS Online database contains over half a million records of published transportation researcch 

UNCTADstat: Comprehensive collection of data relevant for the analysis of world trade, investement and development

Physics

arXiv.org: A collection of research papers in physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance and statistics (maintained by Cornell University)

Front of the ArXiv: An overlay of arXiv.org (Cornell University), a digital library of research articles in physics, mathematics, computer science, and  quantitative biology

NTRS: NASA Technical Reports Server: The NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS) provides students, educators, and the public access to NASA's technical literature

Quantitative Biology: A section of the physics preprint ArXiv (Cornell University) devoted to quantitative biology

SCOAP3: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) is a repository  of open access journal articles in the field of High-Energy Physics

SPIRES HEP Literature Database: Search more than 500,000 high-energy physics related articles, including journal papers, e-prints, technical reports, conference papers and theses, comprehensively indexed by the SLAC and DESY libraries since 1974

Journal of Modern PhysicsScientific Research Publishing (SCIRP) is one of the largest Open Access journal publishers. It is currently publishing more than 200 open access, online, peer-reviewed journals covering a wide range of academic disciplines. SCIRP serves the worldwide academic communities and contributes to the progress and application of science with its publication

Social Sciences

Handbook of Latin American Studies: Bibliography on social sciences and humanities topics on Latin America

IDRIS+, the IDRC Development Research Information System: International Development Research Centre project information including project titles, abstracts and funding information

Population Index: Demographic literature

UNCTADstat: Comprehensive collection of data relevant for the analysis of world trade, investment and development

Theatre

Theory of Knowledge

Bibliography

A bibliography is a listing of the sources used in researching a topic for a report of information. You must keep track of all the sources you use during a project. Copies of this Research Project sheet are available in the Library. We recommend you fill out one for each source you examine. If you keep these sheets together, you will have all the information you need to prepare your final bibliography.

The Research Process checklist

Research Project Sheet (using MLA)

How to cite material using MLA (downloadable guide sheets):        

Referencing Guides

The History department in the Upper School has adopted the Chicago style. Other departments int the Upper School  use the MLA style. Psychology and Social Studies might ask for the APA citation style to be used.

     

TASIS MLA Guide to Research

TASIS Chicago Guide to Research

Copies of the TASIS MLA citation style and Chicago citation style guides can also be found in the Library.

NoodleTools Express allows you to create one or two citations. No username/ password. Choice of styles: APA, MLA and Chicago. 

Other useful information:

What is APA citation style (Cornell University Library)

What is Turabian citation style  (University of Chicago Press)

So what's the problem?
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Background checks
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Understanding Primary and Secondary Sources
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Evaluating Accuracy
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Plagiarism
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